Federal And State Crimes – What Are They And How Can You Differentiate Between Them?

Probably everyone has heard about federal and state crimes but the majority of people doesn’t differentiate them. Let’s make it clear and define both of the terms.


Federal crime is an illegal act that is made against U.S. federal legislation and is prosecuted by federal criminal law. Federal crimes are investigated by:

  • Internal Revenue Service (IRS)
  • Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
  • Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)

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When federal cases go to trial they are prosecuted by United States Attorney in each judicial district in accordance with already established laws. Federal crimes can range from illegally downloading songs from Internet to RICO, drug trafficking, corruption or immigration crimes.

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How Does The Criminal Justice System Work?

Criminal justice system is meant to control crime and prosecute those who violate laws. Asking yourself how does the criminal system work? Well, a case begins with:


  • investigation of the crime by the law enforcement officers
  • gathering evidence to identify the perpetrator and use it against them
  • making an arrest
  • examination of the evidences by the court and determining whether the defendant is guilty or not
  • if guilty, the convicted party will go to prison or receive probation.

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High Profile Insider Trading Case – Former Goldman Director Rajat Gupta


If you don’t believe that the government is coming down very hard on those Wall Street folks who engage in insider trading, just watch the following Wall Street Journal video about the Rajat Gupta case http://online.wsj.com/video/the-case-against-former-goldman-director-gupta/2B7A0CFA-FBA0-4AD8-9851-DB6BDDD4088F.html

Gupta, the former global head of the consulting firm McKinsey & Company, as well as a former director at both Goldman Sachs and Proctor & Gamble, has been charged with conspiracy and securities fraud, in a government investigation that so far has resulted in 59 convictions.  What is somewhat unique in this high profile case is that government investigators do not have actual recordings of Mr. Gupta passing insider information but they are using a combination of phone records, trading records and wire taps of Raj Rajaratnam and Rajat Gupta to compare the information on these recordings to Mr. Gupta’s actions.

The Gupta case has all of the intrigue that was associated with the trials of Ivan Boesky                  

in the 1980’s. Possible witnesses in the Gupta case include such high profile people as Lloyd C. Blankfein, the Chief Executive of Goldman Sachs; Gary D. Cohn, the bank’s president; A.G. Lafley, the former CEO of Proctor & Gamble; Kenneth I. Chenault, CEO of American Express; Bryon Trott, the former Goldman banker who oversaw Warren Buffett’s investment; and Steven Peikin, a Sullivan & Cromwell lawyer.

Only in Texas – DA Running for Congress Is Indicted; Feds Say He Ran His Office as a Criminal RICO Enterprise

A recent blog posting on the ABA Journal reported that Cameron County District Attorney Armando R. Villalobos, who is currently running for election to a seat in the U.S. Congress, is accused with his former law partner, Eduardo “Eddie” Lucio, and others of participating in a criminal scheme to deprive the public of the honest services of their public officials and derive a profit from the operations of the judicial system, according to the Brownsville Herald. http://www.abajournal.com/news/article/da_running_for_congress_is_indicted_feds_say_he_operated_justice_system_as_/

Villalobos has refused to either step down from his job as District Attorney or to give up his run for Congress making it very difficult sometimes to tell the good guys from the bad guys.