International Human Rights

declarationThe Article 1 from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights says “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in the spirit of brotherhood.” All human rights are inherent to all human beings, regardless their nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, color, religion, language or any other status.

 

We are equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination. Our rights are interrelated, interdependent, indivisible.The protection of fundamental human rights was the basis in the establishment of the United States over 200 years ago. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was created to make people respect human rights.

human rightsIn the vision of the United States, human rights are meant to:

  • prevent aggression
  • protect the peace
  • promote the rule of law
  • strive against crime and corruption
  • consolidate democracies
  • preclude humanitarian crises

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What Do You Need to Know About Asylum?

What is political asylum? It is the right to live in a foreign country. All of us have the right to asylum in other countries.

You are generally considered a refugee if you are unable or unwilling to return to and avail yourself of the protection of your country of nationality. Another criteria is if you are stateless because of the persecution of last country of residence and/or you have fear of persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group or political opinion.

asylumPolitical asylum refers to the protection given to political refugees from arrest by a foreign jurisdiction. Asylum is also called a nation or an embassy that affords such protection. It is important to mention that asylum is not the same as refugee. In case of asylum the asylum-seeker seeks his or her status after arriving in what is hoped will be the welcoming country. A refugee status is given before traveling to the final destination.

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What Is Political Asylum And Refugee Status And How To Apply For It

If a person is persecuted in their home country because of their religion, nationality, race or membership in a certain social group, they can apply for political asylum or refugee immigration status in another country, different from their own one.

asylum

Political asylum refers to the protection given to political refugees from arrest  by a foreign jurisdiction. Refugee status means that a person has the protection of the government of the country where her or she lives as an immigrant.

If you want to apply for political asylum in the United States, you should file the Form I-589 within one year of your arrival to the United States. No fee should be paid while applying for asylum. If you also name the immediate members of your family in the asylum application, they may also be eligible for asylum status.

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First Amendment Violation: Separation Of Church And State

 

In a recent Wall Street Journal article written by Jacob Gershman entitled: For Next Big Religion Case, High Court Goes to Greece, is reported that the U.S. Supreme Court agreed to rule on a case whether an upstate New York town violated the Constitution by opening its public meetings with a Christian prayer.

The case centers on the Town of Greece, near Rochester, which had routinely invited Christian clergy to deliver prayers, most of which contained references to “Jesus Christ,” “Jesus,” “Your Son,” or the “Holy Spirit.”

Town residents claim the practice violated the separation of church and state of the First Amendment.

Constitutional scholar Carl Tobias, of the University of Richmond School of Law, said “It’s a very delicate and difficult issue”.

The outcome could have wider implications beyond legislative invocations, Mr. Tobias said. It could have an impact on everything from school prayer to what may be recited at funerals for state troopers.

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The T-Shirt Lawsuit

According to The Wall Street Journal’s Law Blog today, a federal judge in Ohio ordered a school to pay a student $20,000 in damages and legal fees after the student wore a t-shirt to school with the message “Jesus is not a Homophobe” written on it.  The student was also threatened with further disciplinary action if he tried wearing the t-shirt a third time to school.

The article entitled: School Pays 20K in ‘Jesus Is Not a Homophobe’ T-Shirt Lawsuit, can be read in its entirety on the Wall Street Journal Law Blog.

The first time the student wore the t shirt was in April, 2011 during the school’s “Day of Silence”, which was an event to raise awareness of bullying gay students.  It was purportedly his way of showing his own pride, and raising awareness, but the school administrators prevented him from wearing the shirt.

The judge felt that the student’s First Amendment rights had been violated by the school’s policy.  This could lead to more public schools changing their policies with regard to appropriate school dress, and could possibly even move some of them to institute a school uniform to prevent further lawsuits based on this type of argument.