Prescription Drug Fraud is a severe drug crime. Misinformation about your health state and/or your personality in order to get controlled substances from a pharmacist or doctor shopping are examples of law violation. In other words, drug fraud is a type of crime where legal or illegal drugs, are cut and altered in order to decline their value below which they are sold for. It became a national problem that increases each year and affects everybody in the health care system: doctors, nurses, pharmacists, patients, health insurance companies, etc. The term of Prescription Drug Fraud doesn’t include theft, burglary, back door pharmacies and illegal drug importation and distribution. Continue reading
Drug Trafficking is a global problem that also affects United States. Although the law fights every day with this issue, there are still significant drug trafficking problems in the United States. According to Drug Enforcement Administrations (DEA) there are over 30,000 annual arrests related to distribution and trafficking of illegal drugs.
Drug trafficking or distribution includes transportation, selling and illegal import of controlled substances. Drug distribution is more serious crime as drug possession and is regarded as felony. It is also illegal to distribute prescription drugs like pain killers, sleeping pills etc.
It is well known that drugs are addictive chemical substances that affect central nervous system causing beneficial effects on perception, consciousness and behavior. There are four basic types of drug crimes, these are possession, distribution/trafficking, use and manufacture and cultivation of any of the following:
- anabolic steroids
- chemicals (ingredients of drugs)
One of the basic drug crimes is drug possession, because it is illegal to possess controlled substances such as heroin, cocaine, marijuana, LSD, methamphetamine etc. If a person possesses a small amount of drugs, it may be considered a “simple possession”. If the police finds large amounts of drugs, it presumes “intention to distribute”. Drugs possession can be determined by “actual possession” when the person has control over the drug and in most cases is carrying it. If the substance is found around the person’s property – the possession is called “constructive”. Possession of paraphernalia such as crack pipes, bongs or syringes also violates federal and state laws.
Juvenile delinquency known as juvenile offending or youth crime is participation in illegal behavior by minors.
Criminal defendants who haven’t quite reached the age of majority (18 in most states) go through a different criminal justice system than the one most people are familiar with.
Juveniles commit “delinquent acts” not “crimes,” and juvenile offenders have “adjudication hearings” not “trials.” The punishment of juvenile offenders also differs significantly from the punishment of adult criminals. The purpose of an adult sentence is to PUNISH, when the purpose of a juvenile sentence is primarily to REHABILITATE the juvenile so that he can go on to live a productive adult life.
The juvenile justice system is much different than the adult system and you need a lawyer who can give your child the best chances of success throughout the complex legal process.
Marijuana is considered an illegal drug, its possession, use, cultivation or sale is prohibited by federal and state law. The term “medical marijuana” refers to legal possession, use and cultivation of cannabis plant for medical reasons.
- epilepsy and others.
California was the first state that legalized medical marijuana in November 1996. You must have a doctor’s recommendation and a license to cultivate and possess it. The doctors that prescribe marijuana and people who use it in limits set by law are free from criminal charges. Nowadays 20 states legalized marijuana for medical purposes, some of them are: Colorado, New-Jersey, Nevada, Massachusetts, Hawaii. Two states made it legal to use marijuana for recreational purposes, these are Colorado and Washington.
Criminal justice system is meant to control crime and prosecute those who violate laws. Asking yourself how does the criminal system work? Well, a case begins with:
- investigation of the crime by the law enforcement officers
- gathering evidence to identify the perpetrator and use it against them
- making an arrest
- examination of the evidences by the court and determining whether the defendant is guilty or not
- if guilty, the convicted party will go to prison or receive probation.
According to Drug Enforcement Administrations, there are yearly over 30,000 arrests related to trafficking and distribution of illegal drugs. Illegal Drugs business costs billions of dollars, that’s why this type of crime is always a problem for the U.S. and it is impossible to totally extirpate it.
- Marijuana – 660.969 kg
- Cocaine – 49,823 kg
- Heroin – 598 kg
- Methamphetamine - 1.540 kg
- Hallucinogens – 9.199.693 units
It is estimated that marijuana is currently used by 11.5 million people in the U.S. Most of the marijuana is illegally imported in the United States from Mexico, also a big amount of high-potency marijuana comes from Canada. All of the Cocaine traffic in U.S belongs to Colombian and Mexican organizations. It is estimated that there are over two million cocaine addicts in the United States and the highest percent of cocaine usage belongs to people from 18 to 25 years old.
It is estimated that abuse of drugs and alcohol costs society over $110 billion each year through criminal behavior, unforeseen injuries and death, dependency treatments and other. This is the reason why state and federal laws prohibit the use, possession, trafficking and manufacture of drugs.
Drug manufacture is the process of production, preparation or conversion of controlled substances by means of chemical processes. Drug cultivation means that the person is growing plants that are included in the group of controlled substances, these usually are marijuana, opium or hallucinogenic plants. Drug manufacturing or cultivation is regarded as a more serious crime as drug possession, because it is mostly linked to drug distribution.
One of the greatest problems in the United States are illegal drugs. The most available, used and distributed drug is marijuana. Each year approximately 800.000 Americans are arrested for violating marijuana laws.
The biggest number of arrests based on possession of at least a pot of marijuana is made in Texas. Even if it is your first conviction, you can get 180 days jail time and a $2000 fine. The state law in Oklahoma allows judges to sentence to life imprisonment people convicted of cultivation of cannabis or for the sale of the smallest amount of it. Annually over 13.000 people get arrested for pot possession in Oklahoma and they are convicted severely.
One of the most widely-spread problem in the whole world are illegal drugs. This refers also to United States. When people get tired or bored of what they have, they want changes, and the easiest way for it is to use drugs. In addition to possession, manufacture and distribution of illegal drugs, drug use is also a crime.
It is illegal to use following substances unless they are legally prescribed by your doctor for health reasons:
- chemicals that are used in production of drugs
- prescription medicines