Prescription Drug Fraud is a severe drug crime. Misinformation about your health state and/or your personality in order to get controlled substances from a pharmacist or doctor shopping are examples of law violation. In other words, drug fraud is a type of crime where legal or illegal drugs, are cut and altered in order to decline their value below which they are sold for. It became a national problem that increases each year and affects everybody in the health care system: doctors, nurses, pharmacists, patients, health insurance companies, etc. The term of Prescription Drug Fraud doesn’t include theft, burglary, back door pharmacies and illegal drug importation and distribution. Continue reading
The fence is a new look at the world of property theft. As everyone knows, property is stolen if it was obtained by any theft, burglary, robbery or extortion. Knowing the property is stolen depends on the subjective and actual knowledge of the receiver of goods.
“Fencing” – the crime of buying and reselling stolen merchandise and is one of the links that binds theft to the larger social system.
A fence (as a noun) is an individual who knowingly buys stolen property for later resale, sometimes in a legitimate market. As a verb, the word describes the behavior of the thief in the transaction: The burglar fenced the stolen radio.
All fences are by definition businessmen: They are middlemen in commerce – albeit illegitimate commerce – providing goods and services to others, regardless of whether they operate from a legitimate business or rely solely on individual resources. Continue reading
A person’s first thought after being arrested and put in jail is often how to get out and fast! The usual way to do it is to post a bail.
Bail is cash, a bond or a piece of property that has a cash value, that a defendant gives as a guarantee that he or she will appear in court when ordered to do so. In general, if a defendant shows up to court when he or she is supposed to after being released from a jail, the court will return the bail. BUT if he or she DOES NOT show up, the court will keep the bail and most likely issue a warrant for the defendant’s arrest.
Judges are responsible for setting a bail. Commonly many people want to get out of jail immediately instead of waiting a day or longer to see a judge, that’s why most jails have standard bail schedules that specify bail amounts for common crimes. Where a defendant poses a threat to the safety of the community, he or she may be held without bail.
After being released a defendant may be required to: limit travel; maintain or seek employment; undergo drug and alcohol testing; comply with a curfew; comply with periodic check-ins with authorities; refrain from possession of a firearm etc.
Drug Trafficking is a global problem that also affects United States. Although the law fights every day with this issue, there are still significant drug trafficking problems in the United States. According to Drug Enforcement Administrations (DEA) there are over 30,000 annual arrests related to distribution and trafficking of illegal drugs.
Drug trafficking or distribution includes transportation, selling and illegal import of controlled substances. Drug distribution is more serious crime as drug possession and is regarded as felony. It is also illegal to distribute prescription drugs like pain killers, sleeping pills etc.
It is well known that drugs are addictive chemical substances that affect central nervous system causing beneficial effects on perception, consciousness and behavior. There are four basic types of drug crimes, these are possession, distribution/trafficking, use and manufacture and cultivation of any of the following:
- anabolic steroids
- chemicals (ingredients of drugs)
One of the basic drug crimes is drug possession, because it is illegal to possess controlled substances such as heroin, cocaine, marijuana, LSD, methamphetamine etc. If a person possesses a small amount of drugs, it may be considered a “simple possession”. If the police finds large amounts of drugs, it presumes “intention to distribute”. Drugs possession can be determined by “actual possession” when the person has control over the drug and in most cases is carrying it. If the substance is found around the person’s property – the possession is called “constructive”. Possession of paraphernalia such as crack pipes, bongs or syringes also violates federal and state laws.
The common criminal law abolished by most states is defining illegal behavior depending on the severity of the crime. A criminal offense may be a felony, misdemeanor or an infraction. Let’s try to explain each type of the offense and make difference between them.
Felonies are considered to be the most serious class of offense throughout the United States because they typically violate the moral standards of the community. Felonies are usually punishable by fines, imprisonment in a state prison lasting more that one year or both. Felonies include:
- treason and others.
Juvenile delinquency known as juvenile offending or youth crime is participation in illegal behavior by minors.
Criminal defendants who haven’t quite reached the age of majority (18 in most states) go through a different criminal justice system than the one most people are familiar with.
Juveniles commit “delinquent acts” not “crimes,” and juvenile offenders have “adjudication hearings” not “trials.” The punishment of juvenile offenders also differs significantly from the punishment of adult criminals. The purpose of an adult sentence is to PUNISH, when the purpose of a juvenile sentence is primarily to REHABILITATE the juvenile so that he can go on to live a productive adult life.
The juvenile justice system is much different than the adult system and you need a lawyer who can give your child the best chances of success throughout the complex legal process.
Marijuana is considered an illegal drug, its possession, use, cultivation or sale is prohibited by federal and state law. The term “medical marijuana” refers to legal possession, use and cultivation of cannabis plant for medical reasons.
- epilepsy and others.
California was the first state that legalized medical marijuana in November 1996. You must have a doctor’s recommendation and a license to cultivate and possess it. The doctors that prescribe marijuana and people who use it in limits set by law are free from criminal charges. Nowadays 20 states legalized marijuana for medical purposes, some of them are: Colorado, New-Jersey, Nevada, Massachusetts, Hawaii. Two states made it legal to use marijuana for recreational purposes, these are Colorado and Washington.
According to Drug Enforcement Administrations, there are yearly over 30,000 arrests related to trafficking and distribution of illegal drugs. Illegal Drugs business costs billions of dollars, that’s why this type of crime is always a problem for the U.S. and it is impossible to totally extirpate it.
- Marijuana – 660.969 kg
- Cocaine – 49,823 kg
- Heroin – 598 kg
- Methamphetamine - 1.540 kg
- Hallucinogens – 9.199.693 units
It is estimated that marijuana is currently used by 11.5 million people in the U.S. Most of the marijuana is illegally imported in the United States from Mexico, also a big amount of high-potency marijuana comes from Canada. All of the Cocaine traffic in U.S belongs to Colombian and Mexican organizations. It is estimated that there are over two million cocaine addicts in the United States and the highest percent of cocaine usage belongs to people from 18 to 25 years old.
One of the most widely-spread problem in the whole world are illegal drugs. This refers also to United States. When people get tired or bored of what they have, they want changes, and the easiest way for it is to use drugs. In addition to possession, manufacture and distribution of illegal drugs, drug use is also a crime.
It is illegal to use following substances unless they are legally prescribed by your doctor for health reasons:
- chemicals that are used in production of drugs
- prescription medicines