Money Laundering is a complex type of fraud, which involves a conglomerate of participants, resources, and circumstances. It’s a criminal activity classified as a white-collar offense with a rich history and global cases. It is wrapped around illegal financial transactions with the objective to hide the criminal nature of the income. Sometimes this term is applied to other aspects of financial crimes, like violation of the securities, digital currencies, credit cards, traditional currency, terrorism financing and evasion of international sanctions. The penalties for these felonies vary according to the level of severity.
United States Federal Law does everything in its power in order to combat the continuing growth of criminal organizations. One of the countermeasures initiated in 1970, is an Act relating to the control of organized crime in the United States, also known as RICO (OCCA).
RICO stands for Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act. This term applies to a Federal Law, designed to combat organized groups running illegal business (i.e. racketeering), which may include the importation and sale of illegal drugs, gambling, money laundering, prostitution rings, bribery, drug trafficking, slavery, or any act involving murder, kidnapping, arson, robbery, extortion, dealing with obscene matter, terrorism, bankruptcy or security fraud, helping aliens to enter illegally the country, dealing with controlled substance, etc. Continue reading
Prescription Drug Fraud is a severe drug crime. Misinformation about your health state and/or your personality in order to get controlled substances from a pharmacist or doctor shopping are examples of law violation. In other words, drug fraud is a type of crime where legal or illegal drugs, are cut and altered in order to decline their value below which they are sold for. It became a national problem that increases each year and affects everybody in the health care system: doctors, nurses, pharmacists, patients, health insurance companies, etc. The term of Prescription Drug Fraud doesn’t include theft, burglary, back door pharmacies and illegal drug importation and distribution. Continue reading
Underage drinking problem is a major public health issue in the United States. Adolescents want to overcome social anxiety, lower their inhibitions in social situations, reduce stress and worries, increase courage, feelings and power, enhance sexual attractiveness and performance, satisfy the thrill seeking desires through alcohol consumption. This issue became one of the most well known cause of numerous legal disputes.
Alcohol consumption by youth in the United States (also known as underage drinking) is a term used for the concept of alcohol use by anyone under the minimum legal drinking age of 21. A lot of states have a minor in possession (MIP) – criminal offense concerning alcohol and drugs found in possession of minors, although some details regarding punishments vary from state-to-state. Some states provide a very strict strategy towards those who violate the MIP law and prosecute its felons; others have a different point of view about juvenile justice, providing probation by entering a court-ordered diversionary program and offering medical care. It is typically a misdemeanor for anyone under 21 to possess alcohol. Besides the fact that this is the minimum legal age to buy alcohol in all states, details tend to vary.
Your home is your castle! We all want to feel protected and safe in our homes. That is why we all are aware of importance to secure our private property. People have different views on property rights. Some don’t mind if people walk on their land, while others don’t want anyone on their property. Though, people are concerned about the trespassers, either they’re aware of theft and vandalism, or they want to avoid liability if a stranger is hurt while on their property. Yeah! Don’t be surprised! You may be taken to court if somebody was accidentally hurt on your property.
A person’s first thought after being arrested and put in jail is often how to get out and fast! The usual way to do it is to post a bail.
Bail is cash, a bond or a piece of property that has a cash value, that a defendant gives as a guarantee that he or she will appear in court when ordered to do so. In general, if a defendant shows up to court when he or she is supposed to after being released from a jail, the court will return the bail. BUT if he or she DOES NOT show up, the court will keep the bail and most likely issue a warrant for the defendant’s arrest.
Judges are responsible for setting a bail. Commonly many people want to get out of jail immediately instead of waiting a day or longer to see a judge, that’s why most jails have standard bail schedules that specify bail amounts for common crimes. Where a defendant poses a threat to the safety of the community, he or she may be held without bail.
After being released a defendant may be required to: limit travel; maintain or seek employment; undergo drug and alcohol testing; comply with a curfew; comply with periodic check-ins with authorities; refrain from possession of a firearm etc.
Drug Trafficking is a global problem that also affects United States. Although the law fights every day with this issue, there are still significant drug trafficking problems in the United States. According to Drug Enforcement Administrations (DEA) there are over 30,000 annual arrests related to distribution and trafficking of illegal drugs.
Drug trafficking or distribution includes transportation, selling and illegal import of controlled substances. Drug distribution is more serious crime as drug possession and is regarded as felony. It is also illegal to distribute prescription drugs like pain killers, sleeping pills etc.
It is well known that drugs are addictive chemical substances that affect central nervous system causing beneficial effects on perception, consciousness and behavior. There are four basic types of drug crimes, these are possession, distribution/trafficking, use and manufacture and cultivation of any of the following:
- anabolic steroids
- chemicals (ingredients of drugs)
One of the basic drug crimes is drug possession, because it is illegal to possess controlled substances such as heroin, cocaine, marijuana, LSD, methamphetamine etc. If a person possesses a small amount of drugs, it may be considered a “simple possession”. If the police finds large amounts of drugs, it presumes “intention to distribute”. Drugs possession can be determined by “actual possession” when the person has control over the drug and in most cases is carrying it. If the substance is found around the person’s property – the possession is called “constructive”. Possession of paraphernalia such as crack pipes, bongs or syringes also violates federal and state laws.
It is illegal to take the life of another, despite the prevailing circumstances it is called homicide. Homicides are all killings of humans which violate criminal laws including murder and manslaughter. The most serious criminal homicide is the first degree murder. This means that the killing was intentional and planned, the killer had enough time to form a conscious intent to kill. If someone planned on killing one victim, but accidentally killed someone else, the murder is still regarded as intentional. A first degree murder can also include “malice aforethought“, that means causing great bodily harm before killing a person.
Manslaughter means taking the life of a human without having a malicious intent or planning it. It is also called a reckless killing or a killing done in the heat of the moment. A manslaughter can be involuntary when the death occurs during a commission of a non-felony (i.e. reckless driving). Voluntary manslaughter includes killing in the heat of passion or while committing a felony.
The common criminal law abolished by most states is defining illegal behavior depending on the severity of the crime. A criminal offense may be a felony, misdemeanor or an infraction. Let’s try to explain each type of the offense and make difference between them.
Felonies are considered to be the most serious class of offense throughout the United States because they typically violate the moral standards of the community. Felonies are usually punishable by fines, imprisonment in a state prison lasting more that one year or both. Felonies include:
- treason and others.