Money Laundering is a complex type of fraud, which involves a conglomerate of participants, resources, and circumstances. It’s a criminal activity classified as a white-collar offense with a rich history and global cases. It is wrapped around illegal financial transactions with the objective to hide the criminal nature of the income. Sometimes this term is applied to other aspects of financial crimes, like violation of the securities, digital currencies, credit cards, traditional currency, terrorism financing and evasion of international sanctions. The penalties for these felonies vary according to the level of severity.
Consciousness, morality and good manners – these are the things that distinguish us as human beings. We make an effort to exist in a healthy society, we work on our manners to educate our children in a better way, we choose to have an adequate behavior to prevent any kind of harm. Both state and local laws use various tools in order to preserve these values, and Public Intoxication Law is one of them.
Public Intoxication Law is a category of alcohol crimes that involves being intoxicated by alcohol in a public place. Intoxication in this context means having blood alcohol concentration (BAC) over legal limit of 0.08%, or being under the influence of drugs or prescribed medications. The term of public place includes indoors and outdoors areas, that are privately or publicly owned, generally open and accessible to people. In other words, Public Intoxication (also known as “drunk and disorderly”) is a law offense rated to public cases or a demonstration of drunkenness. State laws vary in the specifications where a person is allowed to consume beverages.
Everybody wants a decent society to live in. We crave clean streets, educated children and a secure ambiance, which is why such measures like Open Container Laws in the United States are conceived. In the U.S. the presence of open containers of alcohol in certain public places is prohibited.
The concept of a public place is defined as a social place, indoor or outdoor, generally open and accessible to people. In this context, public areas such as sidewalks, parks and vehicles restrict the active consumption of alcohol. As a rule, bars and restaurants do not fit in this category.
The common criminal law abolished by most states is defining illegal behavior depending on the severity of the crime. A criminal offense may be a felony, misdemeanor or an infraction. Let’s try to explain each type of the offense and make difference between them.
Felonies are considered to be the most serious class of offense throughout the United States because they typically violate the moral standards of the community. Felonies are usually punishable by fines, imprisonment in a state prison lasting more that one year or both. Felonies include:
- treason and others.
Juvenile delinquency known as juvenile offending or youth crime is participation in illegal behavior by minors.
Criminal defendants who haven’t quite reached the age of majority (18 in most states) go through a different criminal justice system than the one most people are familiar with.
Juveniles commit “delinquent acts” not “crimes,” and juvenile offenders have “adjudication hearings” not “trials.” The punishment of juvenile offenders also differs significantly from the punishment of adult criminals. The purpose of an adult sentence is to PUNISH, when the purpose of a juvenile sentence is primarily to REHABILITATE the juvenile so that he can go on to live a productive adult life.
The juvenile justice system is much different than the adult system and you need a lawyer who can give your child the best chances of success throughout the complex legal process.
Probably everyone has heard about federal and state crimes but the majority of people doesn’t differentiate them. Let’s make it clear and define both of the terms.
Federal crime is an illegal act that is made against U.S. federal legislation and is prosecuted by federal criminal law. Federal crimes are investigated by:
- Internal Revenue Service (IRS)
- Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
- Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)
When federal cases go to trial they are prosecuted by United States Attorney in each judicial district in accordance with already established laws. Federal crimes can range from illegally downloading songs from Internet to RICO, drug trafficking, corruption or immigration crimes.
Property crimes have been always a central problem in every society and culture throughout the history. Property crimes consist of taking someone else’s money or property without using force.
Property crimes include:
Robbery is not regarded as a property crime, because it involves the use of force or threat of force, that’s why it is categorized as violent crime.
According to the FBI Crime Statistics there were in 2012, 8,975,438 property crimes with $15,5 billion calculated damages.
One of the most widely-spread problem in the whole world are illegal drugs. This refers also to United States. When people get tired or bored of what they have, they want changes, and the easiest way for it is to use drugs. In addition to possession, manufacture and distribution of illegal drugs, drug use is also a crime.
It is illegal to use following substances unless they are legally prescribed by your doctor for health reasons:
- chemicals that are used in production of drugs
- prescription medicines
The Court has decided the police can sample your DNA without a warrant. Thus, anyone arrested for a felony, even the individuals who were never convicted, can now be tested. The tests’ results are uploaded to state and federal crime database.
Pros and cons
Some law agencies hope DNA testing can be a reliable identification tool rather than names, appearance and fingerprints. Proponents say it is a valuable tool which can investigate unsolved crimes. It can also help separate violent offenders from other people. For example, a Maryland study shows that 20 crimes could have been prevented if just 3 arrested were sampled.
Opponents claim it violates the Fourth Amendment which guards against unreasonable searches and seizures. As a result, in a number of state and federal courts there were cases when the law faced conflicting results. The case by the Maryland Court of Appeals held the practice unconstitutional. It happened earlier this year. A DNA sample was taken from a man who was arrested in 2009 on assault. It matched evidence from an unsolved rape. Later on, he was convicted and charged by the state based on the match.
Removing your DNA data
If you have been arrested for a felony you did not commit, you can have your records removed from the database. Only eight states offer automatic deletion of these records. In the remaining 17 states arrestees must contact authorities to ask that their records be removed.
More information here: http://blogs.lawyers.com/2012/10/the-police-can-test-your-dna-without-a-warrant/