Federal And State Crimes – What Are They And How Can You Differentiate Between Them?

Probably everyone has heard about federal and state crimes but the majority of people doesn’t differentiate them. Let’s make it clear and define both of the terms.

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Federal crime is an illegal act that is made against U.S. federal legislation and is prosecuted by federal criminal law. Federal crimes are investigated by:

  • Internal Revenue Service (IRS)
  • Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
  • Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)

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When federal cases go to trial they are prosecuted by United States Attorney in each judicial district in accordance with already established laws. Federal crimes can range from illegally downloading songs from Internet to RICO, drug trafficking, corruption or immigration crimes.

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How Does The Criminal Justice System Work?

Criminal justice system is meant to control crime and prosecute those who violate laws. Asking yourself how does the criminal system work? Well, a case begins with:

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  • investigation of the crime by the law enforcement officers
  • gathering evidence to identify the perpetrator and use it against them
  • making an arrest
  • examination of the evidences by the court and determining whether the defendant is guilty or not
  • if guilty, the convicted party will go to prison or receive probation.

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